Blood Sugar or blood glucose is the measure of glucose concentrated in the blood. Properly maintained glucose levels are necessary for normal function in a number of tissues, including the human brain.
Blood glucose mainly comes from carbohydrates in the food and drinks we consume. Blood carries glucose to the cells and is the main source of energy for our body.
Symptoms of high blood sugar include, frequent thirst and hunger, Frequent urination, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, blurred vision or slow healing of wounds.
Insulin, a hormone our pancreas makes, is the most significant contributor to maintaining healthy blood sugar.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces, leaving us at risk of elevated glucose levels in our blood.
Nearly 1 in 10 adults are living with diabetes and almost half of them are undiagnosed. 3 in 4 adults with diabetes live in low and middle income countries.
Since eating food affects blood sugar, fasting blood glucose tests show a more accurate picture of our baseline blood sugar. People with diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar multiple times a day to effectively manage the condition.
Glucose levels are usually lowest in the morning, before the first meal of the day, and rise after every meal for an hour or two before returning to normal. A healthy fasting blood glucose level is around 70 to 99 mg/dL (3.9 to 5.5 mmol/L)..
Over time, having too much glucose in our blood can cause serious health problems (diabetes complications). So, it’s important to keep our blood glucose levels within target range.
Glucose (sugar) levels hinge on our regular habits, such as
An ideal approach would be to measure Blood Glucose at periodical intervals and adapt the suitable lifestyle.
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